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The Austrian HBSC-study


Health Behaviour in School-aged Children

Background


The HBSC-study (Health Behaviour in School-aged Children, www.hbsc .org) is one of the biggest studies of children and adolescents health. It assesses self-reported health and health behaviour of students aged 11, 13 and 15 years (in Austria since 2010 also of 17-year-old pupils) systematically and analyses possible determinants of health in the personal and educational environment of young people.

The study is conducted by an independent network of researchers from 43 countries in close collaboration with the WHO. In Austria the survey has been performed every four years since 1986, which allows analyses of trends.

Theoretical Approach


HBSC is a multidisciplinary, multi-centre cross-sectional study with a broad theoretical approach that meets the “policy rainbow” of health promotion by Dahlgren & Whitehead (1991) providing different opportunities for specific theories in the various thematic areas.

Objectives


Monitoring of health, wellbeing, health behaviour, and the social context of students’ health; analyses of the distribution and the development conditions of young people’s health; support in the development of actions and policies for improving living conditions and health in the target group.

Methodologies


Survey with self-administrated questionnaires; n=approx. 5.000; the following issues among others are assessed: subjective health, life satisfaction, health complaints, injuries, body image, oral health, physical activity, eating behaviour, violence, addictive substance use, and variables about family, school and peer contacts.

Cooperation Partners


Bundesministerium für Gesundheit, Bundesministerium für Bildung und Frauen, Hauptverband der österr. Sozialversicherungsträger, University of St. Andrews (UK).

Ethical Issues


in accordance with the Austrian data privacy law; the questionnaire is reviewed by an expert commission regarding ethical aspects; parents of the participating students are informed about the survey and must give consent to the participation of the child.

Status / Timeline


The study is carried out every four years; the last survey in Austria was conducted in early 2014

Results


After every survey a report about health and health behaviour of Austrian students is published by the Ministry of Health. Additionally, an international HBSC-report is published that describes the results of all participating countries. Furthermore we focus on specific research questions (see publications). The results of the study are very diverse. Internationally, for several years particular attention has been paid to the fact that health and quality of life gets worse with the beginning of puberty. This applies even more strongly for girls than for boys.

Since 2006 there is a significant status gradient observable in Austria – like in many other countries. According to this children of families with lower family affluence are less healthy and happy but report health complaints more often.

Products / Publications 2011 - 2014


Teutsch, F., Felder-Puig, R. (2014):

Der Stellenwert der Klassengemeinschaft für das Wohlbefinden in Schulen der Sekundarstufe. HBSC Factsheet. Wien: BMG.


Hofmann, F., Felder-Puig, R. (2014):

Soziale Ungleichheit und Gesundheit bei österreichischen Schülern und Schülerinnen. HBSC Factsheet. Wien: BMG.


Felder-Puig, R., Teutsch, F. (2013):

Organisierte Freizeitaktivitäten österreichischer Schüler und Schülerinnen im Alter von 11-17 Jahren. HBSC Factsheet. Wien: BMG.


Hofmann, F., Felder-Puig, R. (2013):

Das Bewegungsverhalten österreichischer Schülerinnen und Schüler. Ergebnisse 2010 und Trends. HBSC Factsheet. Wien: BMG.


Elgar, F. J., de Clercq, B., Schnohr, C. W., Bird, P.; Pickett, K. E.; Torsheim, T.; Hofmann, F.; Currie, C. (2013):

Absolute and relative family affluence and psychosomatic symptoms in adolescents. Social Science & Medicine 91: 25–31.

Abstract | Full Text


Ramelow, D., Felder-Puig, R. (2013):

Die psychische Gesundheit von österreichischen Schülerinnen und Schülern: Ergebnisse 2010 und Trends. HBSC Factsheet. Wien: BMG.


Ramelow, D., Unterweger, K., Felder-Puig, R. (2013):

Bullying und Gewalt unter österreichischen Schülerinnen und Schülern: Ergebnisse 2010 und Trends. HBSC Factsheet. Wien: BMG.


Ramelow, D., Felder-Puig, R. (2012):

Konsum von Tabak, Alkohol und Cannabis bei österreichischen Schülerinnen und Schülern: Ergebnisse 2010 und Trends. Wien: HBSC Factsheet. Wien: BMG.


Hofmann, F., Felder-Puig, R. (2012):

Das Ernährungsverhalten österreichischer Schülerinnen und Schüler: Ergebnisse 2010 und Trends. HBSC Factsheet. Wien: BMG.


Ramelow, D., Felder-Puig, R. (2012):

Alters- und Geschlechtsunterschiede in der subjektiven Gesundheit und dem Gesundheitsverhalten von österreichischen Schülerinnen und Schülern: Ergebnisse 2010 und Trends. HBSC Factsheet. Wien: BMG.


Currie, C. et al. (2012):

Social determinants of health and well-being among young people. Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study: international report from the 2009/2010 survey Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe.


Felder-Puig, R., Griebler, R., Samdal, O., Freeman, J., King, M., Dür, W. (2012):

Does the school performance variable used in the international Health-Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) study reflect students' school grades? Journal of School Health, 82 (9), 404-409.

Abstract | Full Text


Ramelow, D., Griebler, R., Hofmann, F., Unterweger, K., Mager, U., Felder-Puig, R., Dür, W. (2011):

Gesundheit und Gesundheitsverhalten von österreichischen Schülerinnen und Schülern: Ergebnisse des WHO-HBSC-Survey 2010. Wien: Bundesministerium für Gesundheit.

Diesen Bericht, sowie diverse HBSC-Factsheets finden Sie unter folgendem Link zum Download: http://bmg.gv.at/home/Schwerpunkte/Praevention/Schulgesundheit/WHO_Studie_Health_Behaviour_in_School_aged_Children_

Weitere Publikationen zur HBSC-Studie, auch aus den Vorjahren finden Sie unter dem Menüpunkt "Publikationen suchen"

Project Team


Rosemarie Felder-Puig (nationale Studienleiterin), Daniela Ramelow, Felix Hofmann, Friedrich Teutsch